On May 29, 2020, Netflix released a new comedy television series starring Steve Carrell titled “Space Force.” It is a workplace comedy from one of the creators of “The Office” that focuses on the presumed sixth branch of the United States military. This concept is directly derived from the United States’ Space Force that was announced by President Trump and authorized by Congress on December 20, 2019.
By any standard, the existence of both things is somewhat of
a farce. Making things even stranger is that no one seems to understand how
names and titles and trademarks work, which led to a series of articles this
week about the purported trademark rights to SPACE FORCE being lost by the
United States government. This premise is ridiculous and this article will
attempt to explain why this is a non-story.
On Saturday evening, May 16, 2020, Donald Trump shared
a cartoonish deepfake video to his Twitter account. Trump’s 80 million
followers saw an edited video of the famous speech from the 1996 movie “Independence Day,” only
with the faces of the characters being edited to reflect certain individuals in
politics and pop culture, namely with Trump’s face superimposed over Bill
Pullman’s face (but not his voice).
While this predictably led to outrage from various corners
of the internet, including
from Bill Pullman himself, the most common complaint seemed to be “isn’t
this copyright infringement?” The answer to this question, as always, is: well,
Trump is unlikely to have acquired permission to use this
clip from Disney,
including any right to create or share derivative works, but
whether or not Trump’s uses constitute copyright infringement is not an easy
answer. Copyright is not absolute. There are always defenses to allegations of
infringement. Trump could assert the defense of fair use, specifically the
right to use the work as part of a parody – which the Supreme Court has held is
a fair use of copyright.
If this use is considered a parody, legal precedent holds
that Trump did not infringe any copyrights. What if Trump’s use is instead
considered satire? Yes, there is a difference between “parody” and “satire” and
these distinctions are significant in a copyright fair use analysis.
What does President Trump own?
April 5, 2019
If there is one singular, defining character trait of Donald
J. Trump, it is this: he really, really
likes putting the TRUMP name on things. Hotels, casinos, residential towers, television
shows, books, golf courses, beauty pageants, steaks, universities, business
plans, and on and on. It is kind of his thing. And he is exceptionally good at
marketing the Trump name when he uses it.
The moment Donald Trump ran for president, and was
subsequently elected – the ways he could use market that TRUMP brand grew
exponentially. And I do not use the term “brand” lightly. Because for someone
like me, the underlying question is this: what IP rights in his name and
likeness does Donald Trump still own? Most recently, Trump has put the TRUMP
brand on images of the White House. These images are now subsequently being
sold online and at his various hotels.
have written about some of these issues before,
and once again, I will not try to address any issues with the emoluments clause
of the Constitution. Nor will this article be about the purported morality of
such things, but instead an analysis of what IP rights are available for
protection. Can President Trump own copyrights of his image? Can President
Trump use the TRUMP name as a trademark and protect it like a private citizen?
Can President Trump use White House and U.S. government imagery in tandem with
his name and assert personal rights in these products? It is not such an easy
April 20, 2017
In a world of fake news, clickbait, and alternative facts, there is a bit of comfort in knowing at least one undeniable fact. Donald J. Trump is enthusiastic about stamping the TRUMP name on most any goods or services and reaping the benefits of the ancillary trademark rights. He first sought trademark registration for a Trump-branded product in 1985 and has since sought to register in excess of 300 other trademarks with the United States Patent and Trademark Office, including the now ubiquitous MAKE AMERICA GREAT AGAIN® mark, which was registered on August 16, 2016. While he often files applications through his various corporate entities, the fact remains: Donald Trump loves him some trademark rights.
This may elicit a few questions though. First, can a sitting POTUS own trademark rights? Also, what about other intellectual property rights: patents, copyrights, trade secrets? Can a U.S. President acquire, assert, enforce, or use with impunity certain types of intellectual property?
I shall do my best to answer these, though I will try to avoid addressing in detail the emoluments clause elephant in the room. For now.
Can musicians and artists legally demand that politicians not use their works?
Recently, the Rolling Stones sent a notice to Donald Trump demanding that he cease using their songs at his campaign events across the country. This is not the first time an artist has objected to a politician using certain songs or related works in conjunction with a political campaign. It is practically a rite of passage for a high-profile politician to anger a musician with a particular choice of campaign theme song. This is an American trend that dates back at least to the early 1980s, when Bruce Springsteen upbraided President Ronald Reagan for using “Born in the U.S.A.” as part of his re-election efforts.
Of course, the Rolling Stones are not an American band. Plus, by now we all know that Donald Trump is not exactly the type of person to back down to what may be a toothless demand. Trump might all too willing to cite 250 years of American history by telling the Rolling Stones to take their demand and shove it. He thrives on this type of attention after all. But that is not the question. The real question is this:
Can Donald Trump (or most any politician) use any song they want for a campaign without obtaining the musician’s permission?
Donald Trump is an expert level troll. He is in the midst of the most unconventional Presidential campaign of the Internet era. Political scientists still cannot categorize or describe him as a candidate. Meanwhile, Trump continues to hoard the media’s attention for everything he does. Most recently, Trump gained attention when visitors to JebBush.com were instead being re-directed to Trump’s own campaign website.
It seems that as early as December 8, 2015, someone purchased the domain for JebBush.com and, to the chagrin of the Bush campaign, sent visitors and Bush supporters to his rival’s official website – www.donaldjtrump.com. For the record, JebBush.com is not the official website of the Bush campaign. Additionally, Trump and his campaign team deny any direct involvement in the prank, though the current owner of the JebBush.com domain is remaining silent for now.
Just for fun, however, let us assume that Donald Trump is responsible for the domain name purchase and the re-direct to his own campaign site. Is this legal? Does this make Trump a no-good cybersquatter and trademark infringer? Let’s explore!